Docker cheat sheet with examples

Docker Cheat Sheet is a nice documentation. It provides us Docker basic commands and system and It’s easy to understand. But there are less exaples, I reconstructed it with real examples. You should refer above document about installation.

Set up

Pull a base image.

docker pull ubuntu

It’s annoy to restore Container ID, you may forget to restore. You can set below alias. With this, you can get the ID of the last-run Container (15 Docker tips in 5 minutes)

alias dl='docker ps -l -q'


To create a Container.

docker run -d ubuntu /bin/sh -c "while true; do echo hello world; sleep 1; done"

To stop a Container.

docker stop `dl`

To start a Container.

docker start `dl`

To restart a Container.

docker restart `dl`

To Connect to a running Container.

docker attach `dl`

To copy file in a Container to the host.

docker cp `dl`:/etc/passwd .

To mount the directory in host to a Container.

docker run -v /home/vagrant/test:/root/test ubuntu echo yo

To delete a Container.

dockr rm `dl`

Info of Container

To show running Containers. With -a option, it shows running and stopped Containers.

docker ps

To show Container information like IP adress.

docker inspect `dl`

To show log of a Container.

docker logs `dl`

To show running process in a Container.

docker top `dl`


To create a image from a Container. For tag name, <username>/<imagename> is recommended.

docker run -d ubuntu /bin/sh -c "apt-get install -y hello"
docker commit -m "My first container" `dl` tcnksm/hello

To create a image with Dockerfile.

echo -e "FROM base\nRUN apt-get install hello\nCMD hello" > Dockerfile
docker build tcnksm/hello .

To login to a image.

docker run -rm -t -i tcnksm/hello /bin/bash

To push a imges to remote repository. You need to sign up to Docker index in advance. Exmple uploaded image.

docker login
docker push tcnksm/hello

To delete a image

docker rmi tcnkms/hello

Info of Image

To show all images

docker images

To show image information like IP adress.

docker inspect tcnksm/hello

To show command history of a image.

docker history tcnksm/hello